Water reaching the earth due to snow and rain, leaks through cracks in the earth's crust and reaches rocks heated by magma. The hot water coming out of the underground is converted into electrical energy by means of steam turbines. This energy is called geothermal energy.
The most common method used to obtain energy from geothermal sources is the extraction of hot water or steam, which is formed as a result of the heating of groundwater by the effect of high temperature in the center of the Earth, by drilling.
WHAT ARE THE USAGE AREAS OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY?
> Electricity generation,
> In thermal tourism use for spa purposes,
> Central heating, central cooling, greenhouse heating etc. in heating/cooling applications,
> In the production of chemicals and minerals such as hydrogen, fertilizer, carbon dioxide, lithium, heavy water,
> In industrial uses such as process heat supply, drying processes,
> In aquaculture at low temperatures (up to 30 °C),
> It is used in application and evaluation areas such as the production of drinking water containing minerals.